Meaning of Punjab
The literal meaning of Punjab is land of five rivers
. It is made of two words Punj (Five) + Aab (Water) i.e. land of five rivers. The region was named so due to the five rivers flowing through it and these five rivers are Sutlej, Beas, Ravi, Chenab, Jhelum.
All these rivers are tributaries of Indus river. As of today, only two rivers Sutlej and Beas flow through Punjab state in India. Ravi flows partially in Punjab, mainly along the international boundry of India and Pakistan and then enters Pakistan.
Punjab = Punj + Aab
ਪੰਜਾਬ = ਪੰਜ + ਆਬ
Punjab used to be known as Sapat Sindhu before the arrival of Aryans in India. The word Sapat Sindhu means the land of seven rivers.
These seven rivers were Sutlej, Beas, Ravi, Chenab, Jhelum, Saraswati and Sindhu. In Puranas and Mahabharata, it is named as Pancha-nada which means land of five rivers.
During the rule of Mughals in India, the region was known with the name Suba-E-Lahore. Greeks referred to Punjab as Pentapotamia, which means an inland delta of five converging rivers.
For more details, click on this link - Five Rivers of Punjab
India Independence Day Quiz
Do you know that India was under the British rule for almost 200 years. India got independence on 15 August 1947 after a long struggle for freedom. Many great revolutionaries and freedom fighters sacrificed their lives for the Independence. On the occassion of 70th Independence day to be celebrated on 15-8-2016, we have prepared a quiz having questions related to the british rule and freedom struggle. Let us test our general knowledge using this Independence Day Quiz With Answers
and detailed explanation of each question.
Chief Ministers of Punjab
The current chief minister of Punjab is S. Parkash Singh Badal
. He has become the chief minister of the state for the fifth time.
The last elections held in 2012 were for the 14th Punjab Assembly
and S. Parkash Singh Badal formed the government with clear majority of 68 seats.
Check this page for a complete list of chief ministers of Punjab
Punjab Govt Holidays 2016
In year 2016, there are total 34 holidays as per the holidays calendar of government of Punjab. Bad news for the employees is that 10 holidays from this list fall on Saturday/Sunday. According to this list, there is a big surprise in the month of March. For a complete list of holidays, click on the following link:
Punjab Govt Holidays 2016
Punjab Vidhan Sabha
The Punjab Vidhan Sabha (Punjab Legislative Assembly) consists of 117 members. The tenure of the assembly is five years. The legislative assembly meets at Vidhan Bhavan, Sector 1, Chandigarh.
The current governor of Punjab is VP Singh Badnore, who is a BJP leader from Rajasthan. The speaker of Punjab assembly is Charanjit Singh Atwal and deputy speaker is Dinesh Singh.
S. Parkash Singh Badal is Chief Minister of Punjab and Deputy Chief Minister of Punjab is S. Sukhbir Singh Badal.
View more information about Punjab Vidhan Sabha
Population of Punjab
According to 2011 census, the total Population of Punjab is 2,77,43,338
i.e. two crore seventy seven lakh fourty three thousand three hunderd and thirty eight. This is 13.89% increase from the population in 2001. The population of Punjab in 2001 was 2,43,58,999 i.e. two crore fourty three lakh fifty eight thousand nine hundred and ninety nine.
View more details about Population of Punjab
Villages In Punjab
There are total 12581 inhabited villages in Punjab, according to the census 2011.
View more details about Villages In Punjab
Electoral Constituencies and Political Leaders of Punjab (ਪੰਜਾਬ ਦੇ ਚੋਣ ਹਲਕੇ ਅਤੇ ਰਾਜਸੀ ਆਗੂ)
This book contains information about all the electoral constituencies in Punjab. It also contains brief details about the elected M.L.A.s, M.P.s in the history of Punjab. It also throws some light on the Political Families of Punjab.
Villages, Cities & Towns of Punjab (ਪੰਜਾਬ ਦੇ ਪਿੰਡ, ਸ਼ਹਿਰ ਅਤੇ ਕਸਬੇ) -
This is a Village Directory of Punjab. The book provides information about each village (around 12700 villages), including details like population, area of village, nearest railway station, link road and distance from link road etc. This book is useful for general information and very helpful for marketing purpose.
View our catalog of Punjabi Books
Railway Routes In Punjab
The major railway routes in Punjab are Amritsar - New Delhi and Bathinda - Bikaner. Another important railway route is from Amritsar to Atari. Although this route is only about 24 Kms, but it is of high importance because Atari is the last railway station of India on Amritsar - Lahore (Pakistan) railway line.
View a complete list of Railway Routes in Punjab
Sikh Population in India
According to census of India 2011, the sikh population in India is 2.08 crore
. The total population of India is 121 crore and hence the sikhs form 1.72% of the total population of India
Sikhism is the fourth largest religion in India after Hinduism, Islam and Christianity. The population of Sikhs in the state of Punjab is 1.6 Crore, which means that 76.82% of the total sikhs of India live in Punjab. To know more, you can read our page about sikh population in India
By Sukhminder Singh