Meaning of Punjab
The literal meaning of Punjab is land of five rivers
. It is made of two words Punj (Five) + Aab (Water) i.e. land of five rivers. The region was named so due to the five rivers flowing through it and these five rivers are Sutlej, Bias, Raavi, Jhanab, Jehlam.
As of today, only two rivers Sutlej and Beas flow through Punjab state in India. Raavi flows partially in Punjab, mainly along the international boundry of India and Pakistan and then enters Pakistan.
Punjab = Punj + Aab
ਪੰਜਾਬ = ਪੰਜ + ਆਬ
Punjab used to be known as Sapat Sindhu before the arrival of Aryans in India. The word Sapat Sindhu means the land of seven rivers.
These seven rivers were Sutlej, Bias, Raavi, Jhanab, Jehlam, Saraswati and Sindhu. In Puranas and Mahabharata, it is named as Pancha-nada which means land of five rivers.
During the rule of Mughals in India, the region was known with the name Suba-E-Lahore.
For more details, click on this link - Five Rivers of Punjab
Dhuri Election Result 2015
The voting for Dhuri bye elections
was held on 11 April 2015 and total 72.4% voting was recorded. Gobind Singh Longowal of SAD and Simar Pratap Singh Barnala of Congress are the main contestants. Gobind Singh Longowal has elected the elections earlier in 2012 also but lost from Arvind Khanna of Congress. Simar Pratap is contesting the elections for the first time.
This bye election is considered important for ruling SAD as it has 58 MLAs in an assembly of 117 memebers and is one short of clear majority. Visit this page for more details - Dhuri Election Result 2015
Chief Ministers of Punjab
The current chief minister of Punjab is S. Parkash Singh Badal
. He has become the chief minister of the state for the fifth time.
The last elections held in 2012 were for the 14th Punjab Assembly
and S. Parkash Singh Badal formed the government with clear majority of 68 seats.
Check this page for a complete list of chief ministers of Punjab
Government Holidays 2015
In year 2015, there are total 33 holidays as per the holidays calendar of government of Punjab. Good news for the employees is that none of these holidays fall on Sunday :). The holiday of 14th April is listed twice as two occassions, birthday of Dr. B. R. Ambedkar and Vaisakhi, fall on this day. For a complete list of holidays, click on the following link:
Government Holidays In Punjab In 2015
Punjab Vidhan Sabha
The Punjab Vidhan Sabha (Punjab Legislative Assembly) consists of 117 members. The tenure of the assembly is five years. The legislative assembly meets at Vidhan Bhavan, Sector 1, Chandigarh.
The current governor of Punjab is Shivraj V. Patil. The speaker of Punjab assembly is Charanjit Singh Atwal and deputy speaker is Dinesh Singh.
S. Parkash Singh Badal is Chief Minister of Punjab and Deputy Chief Minister of Punjab is S. Sukhbir Singh Badal.
View more information about Punjab Vidhan Sabha
Population of Punjab
According to 2011 census, the total Population of Punjab is 2,77,43,338
i.e. two crore seventy seven lakh fourty three thousand three hunderd and thirty eight. This is 13.89% increase from the population in 2001. The population of Punjab in 2001 was 2,43,58,999 i.e. two crore fourty three lakh fifty eight thousand nine hundred and ninety nine.
View more details about Population of Punjab
Villages In Punjab
There are total 12673 villages in Punjab.
View more details about Villages In Punjab
Electoral Constituencies and Political Leaders of Punjab (ਪੰਜਾਬ ਦੇ ਚੋਣ ਹਲਕੇ ਅਤੇ ਰਾਜਸੀ ਆਗੂ)
This book contains information about all the electoral constituencies in Punjab. It also contains brief details about the elected M.L.A.s, M.P.s in the history of Punjab. It also throws some light on the Political Families of Punjab.
Villages, Cities & Towns of Punjab (ਪੰਜਾਬ ਦੇ ਪਿੰਡ, ਸ਼ਹਿਰ ਅਤੇ ਕਸਬੇ) -
This is a Village Directory of Punjab. The book provides information about each village (around 12700 villages), including details like population, area of village, nearest railway station, link road and distance from link road etc. This book is useful for general information and very helpful for marketing purpose.
View our catalog of Punjabi Books
Railway Routes In Punjab
The major railway routes in Punjab are Amritsar - New Delhi and Bathinda - Bikaner. Another important railway route is from Amritsar to Atari. Although this route is only about 24 Kms, but it is of high importance because Atari is the last railway station of India on Amritsar - Lahore (Pakistan) railway line.
View a complete list of Railway Routes in Punjab
By Sukhminder Singh