Punjab - History of its name
Punjab used to be known as Sapat Sindhu before the arrival of Aryans in India. The word Sapat Sindhu means the land of seven rivers.
These seven rivers were Sutlej, Bias, Raavi, Jhanab, Jehlam, Saraswati and Sindhu. In Puranas and Mahabharata, it is named as Panchnanda which means land of five rivers.
The name Punjab is made of two words Punj (Five) + Aab (Water) i.e. land of five rivers Sutlej, Bias, Raavi, Jhanab, Jehlam. During the rule of Mughals in India, it used to be called as Suba-E-Lahore.
Punjab = Punj + Aab
ਪੰਜਾਬ = ਪੰਜ+ ਆਬ
Chief Ministers of Punjab
The current chief minister of Punjab is S. Parkash Singh Badal
. He has become the chief minister of the state for the fifth time.
The last elections held in 2012 were for the 14th Punjab Assembly
and S. Parkash Singh Badal formed the government with clear majority of 68 seats.
Check this page for a complete list of chief ministers of Punjab
Development Blocks In Punjab
There are total 22 districts in Punjab. For rural development, each district is further divided into development blocks. The number of total development blocks in Punjab is 146. The latest addition of this list is Arniwala Sheikh Subhan (ਅਰਣੀਵਾਲਾ ਸ਼ੇਖ ਸੁਭਾਨ). There is block development and panchayat office (BDP Office) in each block. The incharge of this office, block development and panchayat officer (BDPO), is also executive officer of panchayat samiti. View list of blocks in Punjab.
Tehsils In Punjab
There are total 22 districts in Punjab. The districts are further divided into tehsils and sub-tehsils. There are total 81 tehsils in Punjab and 87 sub-tehsils in Punjab. Click here to view the district wise list of tehsils and sub-tehsils in Punjab.
Lok Sabha Candidates from Punjab
There are total 13 parliamentary constituencies in Punjab i.e. there are total 13 lok sabha seats in Punjab. Each parliamentary constituency has 9 assembly constituencies in it.
The general elections in India for lok sabha seats are held after every 5 years and last elections were held in 2009. The next elections will be held in April, 2014. The date of next elections in Punjab is 30 April, 2014. The elections in Chandigarh, the capital of Punjab, will be held on 10 April, 2014.
For more information, check this link - Lok Sabha Candidates from Punjab
The Punjab Assembly (Punjab Legislative Assembly) consists of 117 members. The tenure of the assembly is five years. The legislative assembly meets at Vidhan Bhavan, Sector 1, Chandigarh.
The current governor of Punjab is Shivraj V. Patil. The speaker of Punjab assembly is Charanjit Singh Atwal and deputy speaker is Dinesh Singh.
S. Parkash Singh Badal is Chief Minister of Punjab
and Deputy Chief Minister of Punjab is S. Sukhbir Singh Badal.
More information about Punjab Assembly
Population of Punjab
According to 2011 census, the total Population of Punjab is 2,77,43,338
i.e. two crore seventy seven lakh fourty three thousand three hunderd and thirty eight. This is 13.89% increase from the population in 2001. The population of Punjab in 2001 was 2,43,58,999 i.e. two crore fourty three lakh fifty eight thousand nine hundred and ninety nine.
View more details about Population of Punjab
Villages In Punjab
There are total 12673 villages in Punjab.
View more details about Villages In Punjab
Electoral Constituencies and Political Leaders of Punjab (ਪੰਜਾਬ ਦੇ ਚੋਣ ਹਲਕੇ ਅਤੇ ਰਾਜਸੀ ਆਗੂ)
This book contains information about all the electoral constituencies in Punjab. It also contains brief details about the elected M.L.A.s, M.P.s in the history of Punjab. It also throws some light on the Political Families of Punjab.
Villages, Cities & Towns of Punjab (ਪੰਜਾਬ ਦੇ ਪਿੰਡ, ਸ਼ਹਿਰ ਅਤੇ ਕਸਬੇ) -
This is a Village Directory of Punjab. The book provides information about each village (around 12700 villages), including details like population, area of villag, nearest railway station, link road and distance from link road etc. This book is useful for general information and very helpful for marketing purpose.
View our catalog of Punjabi Books
Railway Routes In Punjab
The major railway routes in Punjab are Amritsar - New Delhi and Bathinda - Bikaner. Another important railway route is from Amritsar to Atari. Although this route is only about 24 Kms, but it is of high importance because Atari is the last railway station of India on Amritsar - Lahore (Pakistan) railway line.
View a complete list of Railway Routes in Punjab
By Sukhminder Singh