Punjab General Knowledge

Meaning of Punjab

The literal meaning of Punjab is land of five rivers. It is made of two words Punj (Five) + Aab (Water) i.e. land of five rivers. The region was named so due to the five rivers flowing through it and these five rivers are Sutlej, Beas, Ravi, Chenab, Jhelum. All these rivers are tributaries of Indus river. As of today, only two rivers Sutlej and Beas flow through Punjab state in India. Ravi flows partially in Punjab, mainly along the international boundry of India and Pakistan and then enters Pakistan.

Punjab = Punj + Aab
ਪੰਜਾਬ = ਪੰਜ + ਆਬ
Punjab used to be known as Sapat Sindhu before the arrival of Aryans in India. The word Sapat Sindhu means the land of seven rivers. These seven rivers were Sutlej, Beas, Ravi, Chenab, Jhelum, Saraswati and Sindhu. In Puranas and Mahabharata, it is named as Pancha-nada which means land of five rivers. During the rule of Mughals in India, the region was known with the name Suba-E-Lahore. Greeks referred to Punjab as Pentapotamia, which means an inland delta of five converging rivers.
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Chief Ministers of Punjab

The current chief minister of Punjab is Charanjit Singh Channi, who took oath as the new CM of Punjab on 20th September 2021. He became the chief minister at a time when less than six months are left in the next assembly elections in the state.
The last assembly elections were held in 2017 and these were for the 15th Punjab Vidhan Sabha or Punjab Legislative Assembly. In these elections, Captain Amarinder Singh of Congress formed the government with clear majority of 77 seats in a house of 117 members. He was the CM of Punjab from 2002 to 2007 also and it was his second term as the chief minister. Check this page for a complete list of chief ministers of Punjab.

Punjab Govt Holidays 2023

The year 2022 is about to end and the new year 2023 will start in a few days. For the convenience of our readers, we have updated our website with the list of Punjab govt holidays in 2023. According to this list, there will be total 25 public holidays in the state of Punjab during the year 2023. For a complete list of holidays, click on the following link:
Punjab Govt Holidays 2023
Bank Holidays 2023 Punjab

Punjab Vidhan Sabha

The Punjab Vidhan Sabha (Punjab Legislative Assembly) consists of 117 members. The tenure of the assembly is five years. The legislative assembly meets at Vidhan Bhavan, Sector 1, Chandigarh. The current governor of Punjab is Banwarilal Purohit, a senior BJP leader from Madhya Pradesh, who took charge in August 2021. The speaker of Punjab assembly is Rana Kanwar Pal Singh (Rana K.P Singh), who is MLA from Anandpur Sahib. Ajaib Singh Bhatti, the MLA from Malout constituency, is the deputy speaker. Charanjit Singh Channi is the Chief Minister of Punjab, who is a Congress leader and MLA from Chamkaur Sahib assembly seat.
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Population of Punjab

According to 2011 census, the total Population of Punjab is 2,77,43,338 i.e. two crore seventy seven lakh fourty three thousand three hunderd and thirty eight. This is 13.89% increase from the population in 2001. The population of Punjab in 2001 was 2,43,58,999 i.e. two crore fourty three lakh fifty eight thousand nine hundred and ninety nine.
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Sikh Population in India

According to census of India 2011, the sikh population in India is 2.08 crore. The total population of India is 121 crore and hence the sikhs form 1.72% of the total population of India. Sikhism is the fourth largest religion in India after Hinduism, Islam and Christianity. The population of Sikhs in the state of Punjab is 1.6 Crore, which means that 76.82% of the total sikhs of India live in Punjab. To know more, you can read our page about sikh population in India.

Villages In Punjab

In Punjab, majority of people live in villages. As per 2011 census, the rural population in the state is 1.73 crore which is 62.5% of the total population of the state. There are total 12581 inhabited villages in Punjab, according to the census 2011.
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Railway Routes In Punjab

The major railway routes in Punjab are Amritsar - New Delhi and Bathinda - Bikaner. Another important railway route is from Amritsar to Atari. Although this route is only about 24 Kms, but it is of high importance because Atari is the last railway station of India on Amritsar - Lahore (Pakistan) railway line. View a complete list of Railway Routes in Punjab.