Punjab General Knowledge

Meaning of Punjab

The literal meaning of Punjab is land of five rivers. It is made of two words Punj (Five) + Aab (Water) i.e. land of five rivers. The region was named so due to the five rivers flowing through it and these five rivers are Sutlej, Beas, Ravi, Chenab, Jhelum. All these rivers are tributaries of Indus river. As of today, only two rivers Sutlej and Beas flow through Punjab state in India. Ravi flows partially in Punjab, mainly along the international boundry of India and Pakistan and then enters Pakistan.

Punjab = Punj + Aab
ਪੰਜਾਬ = ਪੰਜ + ਆਬ
Punjab used to be known as Sapat Sindhu before the arrival of Aryans in India. The word Sapat Sindhu means the land of seven rivers. These seven rivers were Sutlej, Beas, Ravi, Chenab, Jhelum, Saraswati and Sindhu. In Puranas and Mahabharata, it is named as Pancha-nada which means land of five rivers. During the rule of Mughals in India, the region was known with the name Suba-E-Lahore. Greeks referred to Punjab as Pentapotamia, which means an inland delta of five converging rivers.
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Chief Ministers of Punjab

The current chief minister of Punjab is Bhagwant Mann, who took oath as the new CM of Punjab on 16th March 2022.
The last assembly elections were held in February 2022 and these were for the 16th Punjab Vidhan Sabha or Punjab Legislative Assembly. In these elections, Bhagwant Mann of Aam Aadmi Party (AAP) formed the government with a clear majority of 92 seats in the house of 117 members.
Before him, Charanjit Singh Channi of Congress was the chief minister of Punjab who remained on this post for less than 6 months. Check this page for a complete list of chief ministers of Punjab.

Punjab Govt Holidays 2024

For the convenience of our readers, we have updated our website with the list of Punjab govt holidays in 2024. According to this list, there will be total 31 public holidays in the state of Punjab during the year 2024. For a complete list of holidays, click on the following link:
Punjab Govt Holidays 2024
Bank Holidays 2024 Punjab

Punjab Vidhan Sabha

The Punjab Vidhan Sabha (Punjab Legislative Assembly) consists of 117 members. The tenure of the assembly is five years. The legislative assembly meets at Vidhan Bhavan, Sector 1, Chandigarh. The current governor of Punjab is Banwarilal Purohit, a senior BJP leader from Madhya Pradesh, who took charge in August 2021. The speaker of Punjab assembly is Kultar Singh Sandhwan, who is an MLA from Kot Kapura constituency in Faridkot district. S. Jai Krishan Singh, the MLA from Garhshankar constituency, is the deputy speaker. Bhagwant Mann is the current Chief Minister of Punjab, who is a leader of Aam Aadmi Party and MLA from Dhuri assembly seat in Sangrur district.
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Population of Punjab

According to 2011 census, the total Population of Punjab is 2,77,43,338 i.e. two crore seventy seven lakh fourty three thousand three hunderd and thirty eight. This is 13.89% increase from the population in 2001. The population of Punjab in 2001 was 2,43,58,999 i.e. two crore fourty three lakh fifty eight thousand nine hundred and ninety nine.
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Sikh Population in India

According to census of India 2011, the sikh population in India is 2.08 crore. The total population of India is 121 crore and hence the sikhs form 1.72% of the total population of India. Sikhism is the fourth largest religion in India after Hinduism, Islam and Christianity. The population of Sikhs in the state of Punjab is 1.6 Crore, which means that 76.82% of the total sikhs of India live in Punjab. To know more, you can read our page about sikh population in India.

Villages In Punjab

In Punjab, majority of people live in villages. As per 2011 census, the rural population in the state is 1.73 crore which is 62.5% of the total population of the state. There are total 12581 inhabited villages in Punjab, according to the census 2011.
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Railway Routes In Punjab

The major railway routes in Punjab are Amritsar - New Delhi and Bathinda - Bikaner. Another important railway route is from Amritsar to Atari. Although this route is only about 24 Kms, but it is of high importance because Atari is the last railway station of India on Amritsar - Lahore (Pakistan) railway line. View a complete list of Railway Routes in Punjab.