There are total five divisions in Punjab
. A division is a cluster of districts, created for the purpose of civil administration. The administrative head of a division is called as Divisional Commission
or simply commissioner. An officer from Indian Administrative Service (IAS) is appointed as the commissioner of a division.
When the today's state of Punjab was created in 1966, the state was divided into only two divisions - Jalandhar and Patiala.
The official reason for creating new divisions is to provide more efficiency in the civil administration. But in reality, the reasons for creating new divisions are often political. You can check the population of the newly created divisions and compare it with old divisions Patiala & Jalandhar and you will very well know the reasons for creating new divisions. The collective population of three new divisions Ropar, Firozpur & Faridkot is less than the population of Jalandhar division.
The following map shows a graphical representation of districts in each division of Punjab.
When you are asked 'How many divisions in Punjab
', the correct answer is five and the names of these 5 divisions in the state of Punjab are given below:
- Jalandhar: There are total 7 districts in this division. The names of these districts are - Jalandhar, Gurdaspur, Pathankot, Amritsar, Tarn Taran, Kapurthala and Hoshiarpur. The total population of districts under Jalandhar division is 10503989 (1.05 Crore).
- Patiala: There are 5 districts under this division. Ludhiana, the largest district of Punjab is also in Patiala division. The other districts are - Patiala, Sangrur, Barnala, Fatehgarh Sahib and Ludhiana. The population of Patiala division is 8245284 (82.45 Lakh).
- Firozpur: Firozur division has 4 districts. These districts are - Firozpur, Moga, Shri Muktsar Sahib and Fazilka. All these four districts were once the tehsils of the Firzpur district. The collective population of districts in Firozpur division is 3802313 (38.02 lakh).
- Faridkot: Faridkot has 3 districts under it and names of these districts are Faridkot, Bathinda and Mansa. Total population of the districts of Faridkot division is 2775784 (27.75 lakh). Note that the population of this division is less than the population of Ludhiana district.
- Ropar: The Ropar (or Rupnagar) division has 3 districts in it - Ropar (Rupnagar), Ajitgarh (Mohali) and Shaheed Bhagat Singh Nagar (Nawan Shahr). According to population, this is the smallest division of Punjab and the collective population of all districts under Ropar division is 2291565 (22.91 lakh).