Groundwater Level in Punjab


The details of groundwater level in Punjab is given in this article. The level of groundwater in Punjab is decreasing very quickly and it is considered critical in many blocks. The major reason of depletion of water level is the cultivation of paddy crop which requires huge amount of water and is grown in peak summer season when the temperature in Punjab is very high and hence the rate of evaporation of water is also high. On this page, we will share the minimum water level in each district recorded during pre-monsoon and post-monsoon. The pre-monsoon readings are recorded in the month of June and the post-monsoon water level is measured in the month of October. The details given on this page are according to the data released by Agriculture department of Punjab govt and these readings are for the year 2016.

Water Table in Punjab

The district wise details of pre-monsoon and post-monsoon minimum water level (or say maximum depth of water level) in 2016 is given in the following table. According to this data, the water level is very low in Patiala, Fatehgarh Sahib, Barnala and Sangrur districts. The level of water is high in Muktsar and Firozpur districts and many parts of these districts face the problem of water logging.
District of PunjabPre-Monsoon (feet)Post-Monsoon (feet)
Amritsar7877
Barnala109112
Bathinda8584
Faridkot4747
Fatehgarh Sahib122101
Firozpur3232
Gurdaspur6363
Hoshiarpur7879
Jalandhar119122
Kapurthala93100
Ludhiana6974
Mansa6979
Moga93106
Patiala127122
Ropar105103
Mohali3638
Sangrur107110
Nawan Shahr5949
Muktsar1717
Tarn Taran6972

One may expect that the water level will increase after the monsoon season, but when you analyze the above details you will find that the post-monsoon water level increases in some of the districts and at the same time it decreases in some other districts. This behaviour can be attributed to the fact that maximum consumption of groundwater is also during the same period from June to September due to sowing of paddy crop.