Ground Water Level in Punjab


The details of ground water level in Punjab is given in this article. The level of ground water in Punjab is decreasing very quickly and many of it is considered critical in many blocks. The major reason of depletion of water level is the cultivation of paddy crop which requires huge amount of water and is grown in peak summer season when the rate of evaporation of water is high. On this page, we will share the minimum and maximum water level in each district recorded during pre-monsoom and post-monsoon. The pre-monsoon readings are recorded in the month of June and the post-monsoon water level is measured in the month of October. The details given on this page are according to the data released by Agriculture department of Punjab govt and these readings are for the year 2015.

Water Table in Punjab

The district wise details of pre-monsoon and post-monsoon minimum water level (or say maximum depth of water level) in 2015 is given in the following table. According to this data, the water level is vert low in Patiala, Fatehgarh Sahib, Barnala and Sangrur districts. The level of water is high in Muktsar and Firozpur districts and many parts of these districts face the problem of water logging.
District of PunjabPre-Monsoon (feet)Post-Monsoon (feet)
Amritsar7775
Barnala10992
Bathinda7985
Faridkot5549
Fatehgarh Sahib121120
Firozpur3027
Gurdaspur6261
Hoshiarpur7775
Jalandhar112115
Kapurthala8796
Ludhiana8870
Mansa7577
Moga9896
Patiala122115
Ropar10397
Mohali3938
Sangrur102105
Nawan Shahr5256
Muktsar1717
Tarn Taran6697

One may expect that the water level will increase after the monsoon season, but when you analyze the above details you will find that the post-monsoon water level increases in some of the districts and at the same time decreases in some other districts. This behaviour can be attributed to the fact that maximum consumption of ground water is also during the same period from June to September due to sowing of paddy crop.