Ludhiana District (ਲੁਧਿਆਣਾ)

Ludhiana is one of the 22 districts of Punjab. The head quarter of this district is the city of same name, that is Ludhiana city. It is the most populous district of Punjab with a population of around 35 lakh.

History of Ludhiana

About 500 years ago-when Sikander Lodhi was the Emperor of Delhi-The Baloches enjoyed much power in this region, ---- which we now call Ludhiana. The Baloches exploited and looted the poor farmers of this region. To put a check on this loot exploitation and coercion by the Baloches, two generals Yousaff Khan and Nihang Khan were deputed by Sikander Lodhi Nihang Khan settled at this place which we now call Ludhiana. It was named by him as Lodhi-ana and after the family name of Lodhies. At that time it was a village named Mir Hotta.
After the death of Nihang Khan, Ludhiana was ruled over by his grandson Jalal Khan Lodhi. He also built a Fort here. It was in his time that Ludhiana went under the rule of Delhi. At the time of Babar’s invasion, it was a part of Sirhind State. But soon it came under the Mughal Empire.
In 1803, when the British had established their rule, the river Sutlej was the boundary line of Ranjit Singh’s rule and the British rule. Ranjit Singh, once also won the region of Ludhiana but soon an accord was established. Ludhiana again became under the British rule and a Military Cantonement was established here.

Geographical position of Ludhiana

Ludhiana is the central district of Punjab. It has its boundaries common with eight districts. In the North, it has district Jalandhar and Nawan Shahar with river Sutlej forming the separating line, in the north-east we have the district Ropar (Rup Nagar) and Fatehgarh Sahib in the south-east. Firozpur and Moga are in the west of it. In the South, it is connected with Sangrur and Barnala districts.


According to 2011 census, the total population of Ludhiana district is 3498739 i.e. thirty four lakh ninety eight thousand seven hundred and thirty nine only. It was 3032831 in 2001. Ludhiana district is also most densely populated district of the state. The population density of Ludhiana is 978.

Towns and Cities In Ludhiana

There are total 11 cities and towns in this district. A list of towns and cities is given below:
  1. Ludhiana (Municipal Corporation)
  2. Jagraon (Municipal Council Class-1)
  3. Khanna (Municipal Council Class-1)
  4. Doraha (Municipal Council Class-2)
  5. Raikot (Municipal Council Class-2)
  6. Samrala (Municipal Council Class-2)
  7. Machhiwara (Municipal Council Class-3)
  8. Payal (Municipal Council Class-3)
  9. Malaud (Nagar Panchayat)
  10. Mullanpur Dakha (Nagar Panchayat)
  11. Sahnewal (Nagar Panchayat)
Which district has minimum and maximum number of cities and towns? To get the answer, check our page about list of cities in Punjab.

Tehsils and Sub-Tehsils

Ludhiana district has seven tehsils and seven sub-tehsils. List of tehsils of Ludhiana is given below:
  1. Jagraon ਜਗਰਾਉਂ
  2. Khanna ਖੰਨਾ
  3. Ludhiana East ਲੁਧਿਆਣਾ ਪੂਰਬੀ
  4. Ludhiana West ਲੁਧਿਆਣਾ ਪੱਛਮੀ
  5. Payal ਪਾਇਲ
  6. Raikot ਰਾਏਕੋਟ
  7. Samrala ਸਮਰਾਲਾ
List of Sub-Tehsils of Ludhiana:
  1. Dehlon ਡੇਹਲੋਂ
  2. Kum Kalan ਕੂਮ ਕਲਾਂ
  3. Machhiwara ਮਾਛੀਵਾੜਾ
  4. Malaud ਮਲੌਦ
  5. Mullanpur Dakha ਮੁੱਲਾਂਪੁਰ ਦਾਖਾ
  6. Sahnewal ਸਾਹਨੇਵਾਲ
  7. Sidhwan Bet ਸਿੱਧਵਾਂ ਬੇਟ

Vidhan Sabha Constituencies in Ludhiana

There are total 14 assembly constituencies in district Ludhiana. This is highest amongst all the districts of Punjab.
  1. Atam Nagar ਆਤਮ ਨਗਰ
  2. Dakha ਦਾਖਾ
  3. Gill ਗਿੱਲ
  4. Jagraon ਜਗਰਾਉਂ
  5. Khanna ਖੰਨਾ
  6. Ludhiana Central ਲੁਧਿਆਣਾ ਕੇਂਦਰੀ
  7. Ludhiana East ਲੁਧਿਆਣਾ ਪੂਰਬੀ
  8. Ludhiana North ਲੁਧਿਆਣਾ ਉਤਰੀ
  9. Ludhiana South ਲੁਧਿਆਣਾ ਦੱਖਣੀ
  10. Ludhiana West ਲੁਧਿਆਣਾ ਪੱਛਮੀ
  11. Payal ਪਾਇਲ
  12. Raikot ਰਾਏਕੋਟ
  13. Sahnewal ਸਾਹਨੇਵਾਲ
  14. Samrala ਸਮਰਾਲਾ

Blocks of Distrcit Ludhiana

The district is divided into 13 development blocks. The list of blocks is given below:
  1. Dehlon ਡੇਹਲੋਂ
  2. Doraha ਦੋਰਾਹਾ
  3. Jagraon ਜਗਰਾਉਂ
  4. Khanna ਖੰਨਾ
  5. Ludhiana-1 ਲੁਧਿਆਣਾ-1
  6. Ludhiana-2 ਲੁਧਿਆਣਾ-2
  7. Machhiwara ਮਾਛੀਵਾੜਾ
  8. Malaud ਮਲੌਦ
  9. Pakhowal ਪੱਖੋਵਾਲ
  10. Raikot ਰਾਏਕੋਟ
  11. Samrala ਸਮਰਾਲਾ
  12. Sidhwan Bet ਸਿੱਧਵਾਂ ਬੇਟ
  13. Sudhar ਸੁਧਾਰ

MLA from Ludhiana

There are total 14 MLA seats in Ludhiana. Out of the 14 MLA from the district, 6 are from ruling SAD, 6 belong to Congress and 2 are independent. The list of MLAs from Ludhiana elected in 2012 elections is given below:
  1. Simarjit Singh Bains elected from Atam Nagar. He is an independent MLA.
  2. Manpreet Singh Ayali of Shiromani Akali Dal is elected from Dakha. He was the SAD candidate from Ludhiana lok sabha seat for 2014 general elections but lost of Ravneet Singh Bittu of Congress.
  3. Darshan Singh Shivalik is elected from Gill vidhan sabha constituency. He belongs to SAD.
  4. Shiv Ram Kaler of SAD is elected from Jagraon.
  5. Gurkirat Singh Kotli elected from Khanna. He belongs to Congress.
  6. Surinder Kumar Dabar of Congress is MLA from Ludhiana Central.
  7. Ranjit Singh Dhillon of SAD is elected from Ludhiana East.
  8. Rakesh Kumar Pandey is elected from Ludhiana North. He belongs to Congress.
  9. Balwinder Singh Bains is elected from Ludhiana South. He is an independent MLA.
  10. Bharat Bhushan Ashu of Congress is MLA from Ludhiana West.
  11. Charanjit Singh Atwal of SAD was elected from Payal.
  12. Gurcharan Singh Boparai of Congress is elected from Raikot.
  13. Sharanjit Singh Dhillon is elected from Sahnewal. He belongs to SAD.
  14. Amrik Singh Dhillon of Congress is MLA from Samrala.
For more details, check this page - Ludhiana MLA List

Market Committees in Ludhiana

There are total thirteen market committees in Ludhiana district.
  1. Doraha
  2. Hathur
  3. Jagraon
  4. Khanna
  5. Kila Raipur
  6. Ludhiana
  7. Machhiwara
  8. Malaud
  9. Mullanpur
  10. Raikot
  11. Sahnewal
  12. Samrala
  13. Sidhwan Bet